Chittorgarh is a name which defines bravery and warrior ship and the land is also known as Chittor not only honors its state but the whole nation of India. The warriors of Chittorgarh shed their blood and live in the name of their esteem and never surrendered before their enemies and that is why the Rajputs kings and queens are well known for this city which is a prominent tourist attraction of Rajasthan that depicts the various stories of bravery and love for the motherland. The history of Chittorgarh works as the introduction for the city and not only for Rajasthan but it also depicts the true culture of India and defines the true dignity and devotion of Indian women and men. Chittorgarh always produced the warriors who defeated the invaders and attackers. The city lies on the banks of river Berach which is the tributary of Banas river and the fort of Chittorgarh is the epitome and the story teller of the entire Chittorgarh history that is fascinating and enthralling which will make you feel thrilled every time you hear them and can make every Indian feel proud of themselves being a part of the country which is having a land like Chittor.
According to the ancient tales of existence of this city it is said that it is dated back to the era of Mahabharata and it is said that Bhima mediated in this city to learn the secrets of immortality and thus a sage made him his disciple but as Bhima was impatient to perform all the rituals so he kicked on the ground and water spurted out from the place and which was later on called as Bhimtal.
But as per the legendary Rajput tales the Chittorgarh was a gifted land of dowry from the Solanki Kings to Bappa Rawal as his dowry gift made during his wedding to the Solanki Princess and it happened in the 8th century.The ancient city of Chittorgarh is situated on the back side of the iconic Chittorgarh Fort and the history of Chittorgarh defines the root of the history of the city. Chittorgarh used to be the land of the Chattari Rajput and they were known for their bravery and spirit and love for their people of and always sacrificed their lives instead of surrendering to anyone.
Chittorgarh Fort is an ancient fort and it has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a symbol of love, dignity, and rivalry. The fort of Chittorgarh is the emblem of the city and it describes the entire Chittorgarh history which is enthralling and tragic too. The fort became the capital of the Mewar dynasty in 734 AD. The fort was attacked three times according to the history of Chittorgarh and the very fort time in the year 1303 AD when Alauddin Khilji attacked Chittorgarh due to the obsession of marrying Queen Padmini and she committed Jauhar. The fort was again attacked in the year in 1535 by Bahadur Shah Zafar and later on it was re-attacked by the Mughal King Akbar who invaded the fort in 1567 after 33 years from the second attack and this could be said as the final obstruction of the fort that carried it towards it’s ruins.
Queen Padmini could be said as the honor of Chittorgarh and the first attack of the fort was happened because of her. She was born to Singhala King and Queen Gandharvsena and Champavati.And she was known for her heavenly beauty. She was married to Rawal Ratan Singh and she was one of his nineteen queens. But when Sultan of Delhi Alla Uddin Khilji heard of her beauty expressed his feeling to see her but Rawal Ratan Singh permitted him to see her only through her shadow on mirrors. But Khilji went obsessed when he saw her shadow and wanted to make her queen and after Rawal Ratan’s refusal he attacked Chittoor and Chittor eventually lost to him and Queen Padmini committed Jauhar to protect her dignity.
Rani Karnawati was married to Rana Sanga of Chittorgarh and according to the history of Chittorgarh the Mughal kings Babur, and Humayun but after the defeats she also committed Jauhar as her husband lost the war when Babur attacked the fort and then she sent her sons to fight but they also found dead.
Rana Pratap Singh who is popularly known as Maha Rana Pratap was the son of Udai Singh II who was the founder of Udaipur and Maharani Jaywanta Bai. Maharana Pratap was the grandson of Rani Karnawati who already shed her life for her motherland and self-esteem. Rana Pratap fought fiercely against the great Mughal King Akbar as he was his biggest enemy. Akbar conquered Chittorgarh fort and Udai Singh made his base at the foothills of the Aravalli Ranges. Rana Pratap was known for his battle of Haldighati against the Mughals and later on he died of injuries.
Rao Jaimal was the ruler of Merta and was the half-brother of Meera Bai. He ruled Chittorgarh for a few time and defeated and killed byAkbar after a fierce battle with him.
Rana Kumbha was the ruler of Mewar and was the son of Rana Mokal Singh. He was very powerful and strong man and led the Rajput army in the 15th century. He was a warrior and fought with the Turkish invaders bravely who attacked many parts of India and Mewar was one of them. After Alauddin Khilji captured Chittorgarh he fought against the Muslim rulers who invaded and ruled Mewar and in the year 1443 he attacked Mahmud Khilji who was the Sultan of Malwa and eventually Mahmud Khilji fought and was defeated by Rana and the battle was popularly known as the Battle of Mandalgarh and Banas. He founded 32 forts amongst 84 in Mewar and the famous Kumbhalgarh fort was named after him. But tragically Rana Kumbha was killed by his son himself Rana Uday Singh.