Shekhawati was known to be the part of the Matsya Kingdom. Shekhawati was inclded in 'Brahmrishi Desha' according to the 'Manusmriti'. Later it was included in the 'Marukantar Desha' up to Ramayana period. At the time of the 'Mahabharata' Shekhawati was under control of Matsya Kingdom who were the descendents of fisherman. Famous hindu 'Vedas' were known to be written and compiled in this land.
Shekhawati region, in ancient times were a combination of the free republic states , known as ‘Janpadas’. These ‘Janpadas’ were developed during the reign of ‘Aryans’. Shekhawat Rajputs are the famous rulers of this region, who had captured it from ‘Kaimkhanis’ after the ‘Gupta dynasty’ collapse. Battle of Mandan was fought between Shekhawats versus Rao Mitra Sen Ahir of Rewari,and Piroo Khan Balochi in 1775. Shekhawats rule this region until independence.