Ajmer is the district of Rajasthan state. It has an area of 8,481 km², and a population of 2,584,913 (2011 census). The district is divided into four subdivisions, Ajmer, Beawar, Kekri and Kishangarh, and further subdivided into six tehsils, Ajmer, Beawar, Nasirabad, India, Kekri, Kishangarh. There are three main groups of population which are; Hindu 1,869,044, Muslim 244,341, Jains 47,812. Presence of holy places like Pushkar temple and Dargah of different religion makes it an important district to visit.
The Shrine or Dargah of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti is located in the Ajmer city. Ajmer city is surrounded by Aravali hill. Pushkar is another attraction in the district. It is an ancient Hindu pilgrim town for the temple of Brahma. Ajaymeru was the former name of Ajmer. Ajmer is located in central Rajasthan, with Tonk and Jaipur in the East, Pali in the West, Nagaur to its North and Bhilwara in the South.
Ajmer district derives its name from the head quarter town of Ajmer. Before independence, Ajmer Merwara was an isolated province of British India in Rajputana. It comprised of two districts, viz Ajmer and Merwara. The Sanskrit word MERU (hill) was a component part of the names of both districts. In Ajmer, it was combined with the name of Raja Aja; the traditional founder of the city and the fort (Taragarh). The Chauhans dominated Ajmer for many years and it was only towards the end of the 12th century that Prithviraj was killed and Ajmer was conquered by Muhammad of Ghor, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, in 1193. That Changed the history of this region totally. The Importance of Ajmer diminished with the death of its most valiant ruler and Ajmer passed under the Delhi Sultanate. Later the Descendant of this clan established the Chauhan Clan of Ranthambore in 1194. The internal government of Ajmer, however, was handed over to the Chauhan rulers upon the payment of a heavy tribute to the conquerors.
Then ancient name of the city was Ajaymeru with later become Ajmer through colloquial corruption Ajmer remained under the central government as a part with (centrally administered) state till October 31, 1956 where after it was merged with Rajasthan according to the recommendation of the state reorganization commission. Ajmer district as it emerged, then included that former Ajmer state and the Kishangarh, sub-division of Jaipur district. Later on January 1, 1958 some area of Deoli consisting on town and three villages (10,094 acres) was transferred to Tonk district.
Among total strength of 200 members in Rajasthan State Assembly, Ajmer district holds 8 seats in Rajasthan State Assembly. These are Dudu, Kishangarh, Pushkar, Ajmer North, Ajmer South, Nasirabad, Masuda and Kekri.
The maximum temperature was recorded at 46.0 degrees celsius.
The normal annual rainfall is 60.18 cms. The winter months of November to February are mild and temperate with average temperatures ranging from 15–18 °C (59–64 °F) with little or no humidity.
|Climate of Ajmer|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.9
|Average low °C (°F)||7.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||7.3
Jaipur, the nearest airport is 138 kms. It connects Ajmer district to the world. Ajmer is connected to Delhi, Agra, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Abu Road and Jodhpur by regular trains. Two of the best trains of the Indian Railways, Pink City Express and Shatabdi Express connect Ajmer to Delhi and Jaipur. Ajmer has a very good network of road through out the district.