Rajasthan Travel Guide

Jaipur History

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Jaipur History dates back to 12th century when Kachhwaha Rajput started ruling the area by. Jaipur is not only the capital city of Rajasthan but it is known as the world’s renowned city for its rich cultural heritage. Jaipur has been popular as the land of the Rajputs and the Royal Kings who were best known for their warrior ship and martyrdom. A number of royal dynasties established in Jaipur and brought the best of Indian culture while interposing to the rich and the diverse history of Jaipur. Every nook and corner of Jaipur have a historical story to tell. The capital of Rajasthan has been the seat of major rulers of the state and being the founder of this beautiful city. There are more cities in Rajasthan that has have been home to important historical events not just of Jaipur but of the entire nation. Tourists can take a tour to all the historically important monuments of Jaipur that will not only familiarize you to the ancient history of Jaipur but also tell you the important saga of the history of Jaipur royal family.

The Founders of Jaipur

Mostly the rulers of the city are known as the Kachchwaha rulers and they were established in the city during the 11th century and ruled for more than few decades and that is why they have established many temples, forts, palaces, havelis as their official and prominent residences and the tourists who visit here will find them in a nostalgic aura where the kings and the queens used to stay.

Amer Fort, Jaipur

Amer Fort, Jaipur by Robin

History of Jaipur Royal Family

Raja Bhagwan Das (1574-1589 AD.)

He was the son of Raja Bharmal Kachchwaha of Amber and was a great warrior who fought many battles of Gujarat, Punjab, and northern frontier. He was appointed as Governor of Punjab and was generously known for its courage and warrior ship.

Maharaja Man Singh I (1589-1614)

He was son of Raja Bhagwan Das and was the prince of Amber. Man Singh was very brave and was energetic in learning fighting and battling skills. He got a huge success in Bengal, Orissa, and Assam during the ruling era of Akbar and battled successfully with the tribal chiefs of Afghanistan and this winning was followed by an appointment in the Mughal Army as a commander in Chief to look after the North-western frontier, of, Afghanistan Punjab, Kashmir including the North-eastern states of India counting Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Assam to crush the defiant in the reign of Akbar .

Jai Singh I(1621-67 AD.)

Jai Singh I was born to Maha Singh the Raja of Garha, and was moved up to the throne of Amber at the age of ten. He was a great warrior and won many battles during the reign of three Mughal Kings i.e.Jehangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb individually and he got huge success against Shivaji during the reign of Aurangzeb. He lead as a great leader in the Mughal Army that included the Rajputs, Afghans and Mughals.

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II

According to the history of Jaipur he was the founder of the city and was born to Maharaja Bishan Singh of Amber. During the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb he fought the battles of Khelna, Panhala and other areas in the Deccan and seeing his gallantry the emperor gifted him the title of “Sawai”. He also fought with Bahadur Shah Zafar who resumed Amber into a Mughal Territory and Jai Singh along with Ajit Singh of Jodhpur fought against the Mughal emperor and recovered the state in the year 1710. In the year 1727 he laid the foundation stone of the Jaipur city and the entire city was built under his backing. Besides being a great warrior he was a scholar and an artist too and be remembered as one of the great rulers in the history of Jaipur.

Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh (1743-1750 A. D.)

He was the eldest son of Jai Singh II but was not as great warrior as his father and he died quickly but was a great artist, poet and involved in classical music and dance.

Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I (1751-1768 A.D.)

He was the younger son of Jai Singh II and captured the throne just after the demise of his elder brother and he unfettered the Kachchwaha Kingdom from the Marathas, and won many other important battles. He built many palaces that includeMadhoNiwas in the Chandra Mahal complex of the City Palace, Madho Vilas in the center of Jai Mahal, and the Sisodia Rani kaBaghand many other beautiful temples too.

Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II(1880-1922 A.D.)

Madho Singh II was the adopted son of Ram Singh II, Raja of Jaipur. He was a very good king and deliberately invested in sanitation and education of the city.He captured the throne at the age of 19 and ruled as successful rulers and an administrator. The king made Jaipur as a planned city and his various contributions made good earnings for the state of Rajasthan and he donated 25 lacs rupees to provide funding to a noble cause for the most natural disasters in the country- All India Famine Relief Fund. And after that there were many irrigation projects took place by his ancestors and they were completed and many of them were done by his own creativity and contributed near about 224 irrigation dams with distribution canals so that eh state do not face any problems in farming and also can get help during drought.

Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II (1911-1970 A.D.)

Maharaja Sawai Man  Singh II

Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II with His Wife Maharani Gayatri Devi by Wikipedia.com

He was the second son of Thakur SawaiSinghji and was considered as one of the best kings of the history of Jaipur royal family.Maharaja SawaiMadho Singh II adopted him as his crown prince and was put on throne as the king in the year 1922.Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II tried to regroup the Army of Jaipur and his effort was resulted into a division of two additional battalions of Jaipur Forces which were later accepted by the Government of India as Indian State Forces Units. During the British reign he was conferred with the prestigious rank of Major General and followed by Lt. General. He always worked to make the Jaipur city as a modern and developed one.

Maharaja Sawai Bhawani Singh (1931 – 2011 A.D.)

He was the eldest son of Sawai Man Singh II and was a studious person since childhood. SawaiBhawani Singh was hired by the Indian Army in the 3rd Cavalry Regiment as a Second Lieutenant in the year 1951 and later in the year 1954, he was designated as the President’s Bodyguard. He had a great contribution in the Indo-Pak war that happened in the year 1971 and was awarded with the second highest gallantry award "Mahavir Chakra".

Amber Palace, Jaipur

Amber Palace, Jaipur

Amber Palace by Rod Waddington

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