Rajasthan Travel Guide

History of Jaisalmer

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Jaisalmer is a princely state which was founded by Rawal Jaisal and the city is mostly known for it massive Golden Sandstone Fort which is the status and its epitome too. The city is located in the southern part of the Thar Desert and people can have the best experience of desert safari through the city. And the city is also known for its great fighters and the land is also known as the land of endurance as many rulers went through the city and they have their own saga to tell that makes the Jaisalmer history richer. The maharajas and the kings made this city a great one and the golden sand dunes will get you to the rich culture and history of Jaisalmer, where you can see the exquisite Havelis and these beautiful architectures are extremely and were made by the rich Jain merchants of the city and they made it a great trade center. The city is an absolute treat for the tourists and no one will miss the aura of the essence of the history of Jaisalmer in each corner of the city.

Jaisalmer History – The Different Eras

Jaisalmer had gone through different eras that made its history stronger and the founder of the city was Rawal Jaisal and he belonged to the Rajput clan.

But the king has opponents too and they were the Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. And they had always fought for the control of the forts and Havelis of Jaisalmer.

But Rawal Jaisal passed the throne in the 12th century to his half-brother. Later he met a saint and changed his mind and created his capital in 1156 through a mud fort.

During the medieval era Jaisalmer was ruined by Allauddin Khilji but he was provoked by the BHato Rajputs that followed by an attack on Jaisalmer and Jaisalmer was managed by Rawal Jethsi.

In the 14th century, another Turkish ruler Firoz Shah Tughlaq attacked Jaisalmer through Anasagar Lake and it resulted in the death of the suicide of 16,000 women and the killing of Rawal Dudu and his son Tilaski with the death of altogether 1,700 soldiers.

But during the 15th century, the Bhatis once again returned to Jaisalmer to rule but they became successful for a short span of time.

After the reigns of the Mughals and the Marathas Jaisalmer was announced as a princely state during the British Raj and was entitled to a 15 gun salute.

India got its independence and partition in 1947 India close all its trade routes with Pakistan as it shared the desert border with Jaisalmer and later on connected with a canal road for the desert areas and became a great tourist destination.

Rawal Jaisal – The Founder of Jaisalmer

Rawal Jaisal was the sixth descent from Rawal Deoraj Bhati clan and reigned during the 12th century eldest son of Rawal Dusaj of Deoraj who was the king of Laudrava.

He was looking for a new location for its capital and found at Trikuta Hill and met a sage called Eesul and he showed him the path and he formed his new capital as a mud fort.

Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

Photo Credit- Le Batteur De Lune

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