Rajasthan Travel Guide

Bharatpur History

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Bharatpur is often stated as the Eastern Gateway of Rajasthan and this city was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in the year 1733. Bharatpur is a lesser-known city comparing with the major cities of Rajasthan interesting and is known as one of the cities which are also rich in religious sites and especially is home to the World Heritage National Park. According to the history of Bharatpur, the city is remembered for the Jat rulers and the Mughal kings who spend eras in this city and left many examples of architectural beauties through many temples and forts.

The saga of Bharatpur’s history says that the city is named after Bharat who was Lord Rama’s brother it used to be an unconquerable kingdom.

The main attraction of the Bharatpur city is the huge Iron Fort which is popularly called as Lohagarh Fort which is grandeur and it is true to its name, as the fort survived a number of British attacks.

There are many ancient buildings that depict the history of Bharatpur presenting the best zenith of the Rajput and Mughal lifestyles.

History of Bharatpur

Bharatpur was ruled by the kings who belonged from Sinsinwar Dynasty and this was an indo-Scythian community that migrated to India during the era of AD100.

The Bharatpur city was also ruled by the Jats and before that many notorious groups disturbed the city and even tried to demolish the grave of Akbar which is located in Sikandra as it was again cremated by the Hindus as per their tradition.

During the 10th century, the Yadav clan governed Dhaulpur, which had been ruled by the Rajputs earlier and was gifted by the Gohads during a contract between the Marathas and the British.

Dhaulpur was taken over by Sikandar Lodhi in 1501 and thereafter handed over to a Muslim governor in the year 1504. Dhaulpur fort was reined to Babur in 1527 and sustained under Mughal rulers till1707.

After the demise of the last Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Raja Kalyan Singh Bhadauria took over the control of Dhaulpur, and his family made it as their official residence till 1761.

According to Bharatpur, Rajasthan History, in 1775 Dhaulpur came under rule of the Jat ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur; with the help of Mirza Najaf Khan; along with the Scindia ruler of Gwalior and then it was taken into rule by these kings and was controlled by the British Raj too.

The Indian Rulers

Bharatpur was controlled by many Maharajas and they were some Jats and Rajputs since Gokula and Raja Bachho Singh. Then it was followed by Raja Ram, Churaman, Maharaja Suraj Mal, Maharaja, Kishan Singh, and Maharaja Bijendra Singh till the independence of India till 1947.

According to the History of Bharatpur, the city was not handled much by the Britishers but the Jats and Rajputs ruled it successfully and thus the city has many castes as its population such as Vaishya, Rajputs Brahmans, Gujjars, and Sinsinwar jats and that is why when you visit this city you can hear many different languages.

Bharatpur Palace , Rajasthan

Bharatpur Palace , Rajasthan

Photo Credit : Saad Akhtar

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