Diwali, also known as 'Deepawali' is celebrated with whole enthusiasm and devotion in Rajasthan like every part of India. Known as 'The Festival of Lights', Diwali is almost celebrated by all religions in Rajasthan. Diwali is celebrated for many reasons. Some celebrate Diwali as it is believed that it marks the starting of the Hindu New Year according to the Lunar calendar. But most people celebrated it as the victory of Goodness over Evil.
According to the Hindu epic ‘Ramayana’, Diwali was celebrated for the first time when Lord Ram returned to his home ‘Ayodhya’ after killing Ravan.
It is believed that when returned to Ayodhya along with Laxman, Sita, and Hanuman, people of Ayodhya lit up oil lamps in their homes and turned the dark night into a light festival.
From that day, every year Diwali or Deepawali (Deep mean oil lamps) is celebrated to mark the victory of goodness over evil.
Diwali is celebrated with great joy and happiness in Rajasthan. Like other parts of India, Diwali in Rajasthan is celebrated for a period of 5 days.
Starts from Dhanteras, Diwali continues to Choti Diwali, Badi (Main) Diwali, Padwa and Baidu. Diwali festival preparations start well in advance. People start decorating their homes and prepare sweets, buy new clothes, jewelry.
The last day of Diwali is the 15th day of Ashwin mass (month of Hindu calendar) which falls somewhere in the month of October and September.
During Diwali, people lit up clay oil lamps, make rangolis, perform ‘Puja’, exchange sweets with relatives, neighbors, and firecrackers.
All these deeds make this new moon night or Amavasya, a bright night with full of joy. Clay oil lamps, also called ‘Diyas’ or ‘Deep’ which can be Ghee Lamps, Ganesha Lamps or just simple candles are placed all over outside of the house, on floors, doorways.
These deeds are believed to welcome Lord Ganesha, the ‘Remover of Obstacles’and Goddess of wealth, Laxmi in their home.
Businessmen on Diwali perform ‘Puja’ of their account books and start writing their new accounts. Lots of fireworks take place in Diwali. Children burst a variety of crackers.
Diwali festival is celebrated after 20 days from Dussehra festival. Families exchange gifts and sweets with their relatives and neighbours.
Diwali Celebration in 2020 will starts on 14 November.